Generation of anti-DC-SIGN monoclonal antibodies capable of blocking HIV-1 gp120 binding and reactive on formalin-fixed tissue.


  • Canard Bertrand
  • Vachon Hortense
  • Fontaine Thomas
  • Pin Jean-Jacques
  • Paul Stéphane
  • Genin Christian
  • Mueller Christopher G

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DC-SIGN is a C-type lectin of recognized importance in immunology and in the pathogenicity human pathogens. Monoclonal antibodies directed against DC-SIGN have been generated, but their systemic characterization for interfering with binding of the HIV-1 glycoprotein 120 has often been omitted. Moreover, so far, no anti-DC-SIGN monoclonal antibody has been described that recognizes its antigen after formalin fixation and paraffin embedding. In this study, we have generated new anti-DC-SIGN monoclonal antibodies using HeLa cells stably expressing DC-SIGN as immunogen. We have obtained 11 hybridoma clones producing antibodies that recognized DC-SIGN on monocyte-derived dendritic cells and on dermal-type macrophages. Seven monoclonal antibodies displayed a capacity to interfere with DC-SIGN binding to HIV-1 gp120. One recognized DC-SIGN on formalin-fixed dendritic cells and macrophages. Using this antibody we have obtained specific labelling of DC-SIGN and colocalisation with the dermal macrophage marker CD163 on human skin. The described monoclonal anti-human DC-SIGN antibodies will be of use to the scientific community to address fundamental immunology issues, in particular concerning macrophages and dendritic cells, and help elucidate infection events of pathogen targeting DC-SIGN as recognition receptor.

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